By Sebastian Gardner
Of the entire significant philosophical works, Kant's Critique of natural cause is among the such a lot lucrative, but essentially the most tricky. Norman Kemp Smith's remark elucidates not just textural questions and minor matters, but in addition the vital difficulties.
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Extra resources for A Commentary to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason
But even if we could grant James's thesis in its widest form, the all-important Critical question would still remain: in what does awareness, whether of presented contents or of presented relations, consist, and how is it possible? In answering this question Kant is led to the conclusion that consciousness must be regarded as an activity, and as determining certain of the conditions of its own possibility. Its contribution is of a uniform and constant nature; it consists, as already noted, of certain relational factors whose presence can be detected in each and every act of awareness.
There is really no more ground for asserting that red colour NATURE OF SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS xlvii carries with it consciousness of itself than for saying that a table does. The illegitimacy of the assertion is concealed from us by the fact that tables appear to exist when there is no consciousness present, whereas redness cannot be proved to exist independently of consciousness—it may or may not do so. Many present-day thinkers, continuing the tradition of the English associationists, hold to this pre-Kantian view.
And if he bears in mind that by the relational Kant is here intending those elements in knowledge which render possible the relations constitutive of meaning, he will recognise that the Critical discussion is by no means antiquated, but still remains one of the most important issues in the entire field of philosophical enquiry. 2 . KANT'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE SCIENCE OF LOGIC The above conclusions have an important bearing upon logical doctrine. Just as modern geometry originates in a sceptical treatment of the axiom of parallels, so modern, idealist logic rests upon Kant's demonstration of the revolutionary consequences of Hume's sceptical teaching.