This Companion offers an authoritative survey of the entire variety of Kant’s paintings, giving readers an concept of its gigantic scope, its notable success, and its carrying on with skill to generate philosophical curiosity. * Written by way of a world forged of students * Covers all of the significant works of the serious philosophy, in addition to the pre-critical works * topics coated variety from arithmetic and philosophy of technology, via epistemology and metaphysics, to ethical and political philosophy
Part of the Blackwell partners to Philosophy sequence.
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Additional info for A Companion to Kant (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)
When the book was out Kant sent a copy with a very flattering letter to Leonard Euler (1707–83), who is today famous for Euler’s number and the beta-function that triggered the superstring revolution, but who was then known as a critic of Knutzen. Kant’s indifference towards his teacher appears to 35 ACTC02 35 19/5/06, 2:19 PM martin schönfeld have been mirrored by Knutzen’s impression of his student. Knutzen never mentions Kant when writing about students he was proud of, and the students he favored, Friedrich Buck (1722–86) and Johann Weitenkampf (b.
Kant was far from being a political radical on matters such as this. His political thought is strongly influenced by the Hobbesian view that the state is needed to protect both individuals and the basic institutions of society against the human tendencies to violent infringement of rights, and that in order to prevent civil disorder, the state must have considerable power to regulate the lives of individuals. What is Enlightenment? teaches that it is entirely legitimate for freedom of communication to be regulated in matters that are “private,” dealing with a person’s professional responsibilities.
Herder criticized Kant in the first two volumes of his Ideas for the Philosophy of History of Humanity (1785–7), Kant wrote superficially laudatory but plainly condescending reviews of Herder’s work, which infuriated his former student – who was himself a touchy and troubled person, all too easily offended. Despite a surprisingly warm tribute to Kant in Herder’s Letters on the Advancement of Humanity (1793), Herder’s last works were mainly devoted to antiKantian polemics. When Kant’s work on the Critique of the Power of Judgment took too much time for him to review the third volume of Herder’s Ideas, he tried to pass the dubious task of criticizing him along to another of his highly able students, Christian Jacob Kraus (who was the chief exponent of Adam Smith’s economic theories in Germany).