By Martin Kowarsch
While monetary and different social technology services is crucial for profitable public policy-making relating to international weather switch, social scientists face trade-offs among the clinical credibility, policy-relevance, and legitimacy in their coverage suggestion. From a philosophical point of view, this publication systematically addresses those trade-offs and different the most important demanding situations dealing with the built-in financial exams of the Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap (IPCC). according to John Dewey’s pragmatist philosophy and an research of the value-laden nature and reliability of weather swap economics, the booklet develops a polished science-policy version and particular directions for those checks of weather coverage ideas. The center proposal is to scientifically discover some of the functional implications of different weather coverage pathways in an interdisciplinary demeanour, including assorted stakeholders. this is able to facilitate an iterative, deliberative public studying strategy pertaining to disputed coverage concerns. This quantity makes novel contributions to 3 strands of the literature: (1) the philosophy of (social) technological know-how in coverage; (2) the philosophy of economics; and (3) debates concerning the layout of medical exams, together with the continual IPCC reform debate. This paintings is therefore fascinating for philosophers and different students reflecting at the science-policy interface, but in addition for evaluation practitioners, weather policy-makers, and economists. The science-policy procedure constructed during this quantity has already stimulated the new socio-economic IPCC assessment.
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Extra info for A Pragmatist Orientation for the Social Sciences in Climate Policy: How to Make Integrated Economic Assessments Serve Society
2014. Climate change 2014 – Mitigation of climate change: Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Jasanoff, Sheila. 1990. The fifth branch: Science advisers as policymakers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Kitcher, Philip. 2001. Science, truth, and democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kitcher, Philip. 2011. Science in a democratic society. New York: Prometheus Books.
28 2 The Need for an Integrated Economic Assessment of Climate Policy Options maritime ecosystems; an increase in extreme weather events such as storms, droughts or ﬂoods; a change in precipitation patterns and winds also resulting in regional decrease of agricultural yield and water availability; a great loss of biodiversity; rising sea levels, particularly endangering archipelago states and residents at river mouths; as well as an increased risk of epidemics and other health issues (IPCC 2014c; Smith et al.
For instance, climate change impacts affect economies, adaptation to climate change has its price as well, and the mitigation measures and technologies can have multiple effects on other policy ﬁelds which has high relevance from a welfare economic perspective (IPCC 2014b). This section merely points out that climate change is essentially an economic problem. For now, three interim conclusions can be drawn for the overall project of this book: (1) Obviously, related to virtually all the mitigation, adaptation and geo-engineering options of climate change and to climate impacts themselves are globally and inter-temporally aggregated economy-related risks, costs and beneﬁts, but also – from a disaggregated perspective – economic winners and losers (for instance, particular households, companies, national economies or entire generations globally).