By Andrew Yeo
No different kingdom continues an international army presence similar to the us. but outdoor the USA, enormous debate exists approximately what this presence is set and the way good it serves nationwide and international pursuits. Anti-U.S. base protests, performed out in parliaments and the streets of host countries, proceed to come up in numerous elements of the realm. In a unique technique fusing diplomacy conception with social circulate views, this ebook examines the effect of anti-base pursuits and the real function bilateral alliance relationships play in shaping stream results. the writer explains not just while and the way anti-base hobbies topic, but in addition how host governments stability among household and foreign strain on base-related concerns. Drawing on interviews with activists, politicians, coverage makers, and U.S. base officers within the Philippines, Japan (Okinawa), Ecuador, Italy, and South Korea, the writer unearths that the protection and overseas coverage principles held through host govt elites act as a political chance or barrier for anti-base hobbies, influencing their skill to problem in another country U.S. basing regulations.
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From the Hardcover variation.
ARTHASHASTRA: EDITED, REARRANGED & TRANSLATED through L. N. RANGARAJAN
An notable specified guide on statecraft and the technological know-how of residing by way of considered one of classical India's maximum minds.
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The textual content comprises fifteen books which disguise a number of issues viz. , the King; a whole code of legislations; overseas coverage; mystery and occult practices etc. The Arthashastra is written quite often in prose but additionally comprises 380 shlokas.
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The conceal exhibits panas, the reliable foreign money of the Mauryan Empire (321 — 185 BC) hide photo courtesy the nationwide Museum, New Delhi. disguise layout by means of Amiya Bhattacharya ISBN 0-14-044603-6
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Additional resources for Activists, Alliances, and Anti-U.S. Base Protests
Inﬂuenced by a strong security consensus, dominant host-government elites counter anti-base movement pressure by employing strategies that undermine activist efforts. research design and methods Measurement and Coding of Variables Security Consensus Measuring concepts such as perceptions, beliefs, or ideology is a fuzzy science. The security consensus, based largely on collective perceptions and beliefs, is no exception. S. S. installations, or the cost of sharing the alliance burden, may point toward a security consensus, the concept is better understood and operationalized by using qualitative indicators.
S. S. bases. Cooley ﬁnds that basing agreements are most stable under consolidated democracies. S. S. bases become much more politicized. We expect to ﬁnd greater anti-base activity and the possibility of major base policy shifts during democratization. 24 Host-government elites, particularly those operating under a strong security consensus, are under constant pressure to maintain positive alliance relations as they attempt to address domestic criticism against bases. A focus on regime type skirts this important dilemma faced by host governments, one where elites are tied to international obligations but challenged from below by civil societal actors.
S. bases. Internal factors, including domestic ideology, institutions, and historical legacies, that reify or magnify threat perceptions inform an elite consensus. ”10 In addition to their intervening effect, these internal domestic factors also directly shape or sustain the security consensus. Once formed, the security consensus profoundly affects the domestic and foreign policy choices of elites. 6 7 8 9 10 The following works were particularly useful when thinking about “security consensus” as an ideational variable: Judith Goldstein and Robert O.