Download Advances in Cryogenic Engineering: Proceedings of the 1968 by T. M. Flynn, B. W. Birmingham (auth.), K. D. Timmerhaus PDF

By T. M. Flynn, B. W. Birmingham (auth.), K. D. Timmerhaus (eds.)

Invited Papers.- Cryogenics and nationwide Goals.- A assessment of the opportunity of Liquid-Methane gasoline for Supersonic Transports.- Slush and Subcooled Propellants for Lunar and Interplanetary Missions.- Thermodynamic Properties.- Equilibrium Gas-Phase Compositions of Ethane and Ethylene in Binary combos with Helium and Neon lower than 150°K and a Correlation for Deviations from the Geometric suggest Combining Rule.- The Kinetics of Adsorption of Methane and Nitrogen from Hydrogen Gas.- Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation of kingdom for Methane at Cryogenic Conditions.- a brand new Calorimeter for the actual decision of the Enthalpy of Pressurized Fluids right down to 160°R.- houses of Materials.- Simultaneous dimension of Young’s Modulus and Shear Modulus at Low Temperatures.- Tensile homes and Notch sturdiness of Groove Welds in Wrought and forged Aluminum Alloys at Cryogenic Temperatures.- Low-Temperature Mechanical houses of Welded and Brazed Copper.- Superconductivity.- A excessive box Magnet Combining Superconductors with Water-Cooled Conductors.- huge Superconducting Baseball Magnet.- checking out Composite Superconductor for the LRL Baseball Magnet.- brief reaction and balance Limits of Superconducting Composite cord Following a Flux Jump.- Flux-Flow stories and balance standards of Nb-Ti Strips.- The Transition to Current-Sharing in Composite Conductors.- balance of Internally Cooled Superconductors.- results of Nucleate Cooling Limits at the functionality of Small Ti-Nb Solenoids.- warmth Transfer.- Non-Boiling and picture Boiling warmth move to a Saturated bathtub of Liquid Helium.- Boiling warmth move and strain Drop of Liquid Helium-I less than compelled move in a Helically Coiled Tube.- Nucleate Boiling warmth move from an Oscillating Sphere in Liquid Nitrogen.- A Miniature warmth Exchanger for Simultaneous Para-Orthohydrogen Conversion and warmth Transfer.- word on warmth Exchanger layout for Cryogenic Propellant Tanks.- A Compact Perforated-Plate warmth Exchanger.- Insulation.- Analytical versions for Airborne-Cryogenic-Insulation Thermal Performance.- overview of an Externally Insulated Spacecraft Dewar.- Experimental selection of Thermal lodging Coefficients.- Thermal Diffusivity of Powder Insulation.- Predictions of the full Emissivity of Metals at Cryogenic Temperatures.- Radiative features of Cryodeposits for Room Temperature Black physique Radiation.- Fluid Dynamics.- Thermal Stratification in Closed Cryogenic Containers.- Approximate Criterion for Prediction of stream Oscillations in Supercritical Fluid warmth Exchangers.- The interplay of regulate Valves with Oscillations Generated in a wide Water to Hydrogen warmth Exchanger.- Cavitation in Liquid Cryogens.- An research of the consequences of Spatial, Thermal, and speed Inhomogeneities on Two-Phase, unmarried part Cryogenic Choked Flow.- Two-Phase (Liquid-Vapor), Mass-Limiting circulation with Hydrogen and Nitrogen.- Instrumentation.- Cryogenic stream learn Facility of the nationwide Bureau of Standards.- Prelaunch Slush Hydrogen Loading elements Affecting Instrumentation and Control.- Use of Capacitance point Gauging for Prelaunch Loading of Slush Hydrogen.- growth on Cryogenic Thermocouples.- Fluid part and Temperature dimension with a unmarried Sensor.- lights in Cryogenic and Noncryogenic Fluids.- Refrigeration Systems.- An research of the Stirling-Cycle Refrigerator.- Steady-State Operation of the Idealized Vuilleumier Refrigerator.- Compact Cryogenic Thermal Regenerator Performance.- unfastened Displacer Refrigeration.- Dynamical results of the Rhombic force for Miniature Cooling Engines.- improvement of a pragmatic Thermodynamic Cycle for a Space-Borne Hydrogen Reliquefier.- A 3.6°K Reciprocating Refrigerator.- improvement of Novel fuel Bearing Supported Cryogenic growth Turbines.- Miniature Cryogenic fridge Turboalternators.- regulate approach for Temperatures and Liquid point among 4.2° and 1°K.- Closed-Cycle fridges for Hydrogen Targets.- Cryogenic Systems.- Solidified Oxygen for inhaling Space.- Slush Hydrogen Pumping features utilizing a Centrifugal-Type Pump.- try result of a Zero-Gravity Cryogenic section Separator.- Hydrogen Peroxide Motor Exhaust Heating to elements at Cryogenic Temperatures within the Vacuum of Space.- research of Propagation mess ups of versatile Linear formed fees at Cryogenic Temperatures.- The habit of usual Liquid Hydrogen aim platforms less than Simulated Failure Modes.

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Additional info for Advances in Cryogenic Engineering: Proceedings of the 1968 Cryogenic Engineering Conference Case Western Reserve University Cleveland, Ohio August 19–21, 1968

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Winstead is 10 to 100 times greater than for bulk heating, resulting in increased tank venting frequency. The effects of inereased venting of the cryogen are important, sinee mass losses and systems for venting deerease payload and reliability. 32]. Studies indicate that the most effective means of mixing cryogens is with axial jet pumps submerged in the cryogen and that 10 W or less fluid power from conventional pumps, driven by dc motors, are optimum. The combined effects of storage-system design and slush utilization are indicated by the evaluation of an earth-orbit launch mission, which shows that the payload loss due to tank venting may be redueed from 25,0001b for a conventional venting scheme and 1 atm hydrogen to several hundred pounds by using mixed triple-point hydrogen.

D. Eisenberg, and M. D. , 3 :243 (1967). 3. R. J. 'vVeber, "Liquefied Natural Gas as a Fuel for Supersonic Aircraft," Distribution Conf. of the Am. Gas Assn_, St. Louis, Mo. (May, 1967). 4. B. A. 0 Flight," proposed NASA Tech. Note. 5. F. Stepka, "Considerations of Turbine Cooling Systems for Mach 3 Flight," NASA TND-4491 (1968). 6. R. W. Koenig and G. A. Kraft, "Effeet of Takeoff Jet Noise on Benefits of High-Turbine-InletTemperature Engines to a Methane-Fueled SST," proposed NASA Tech. Note. 7.

W. T. Ziegler, B. S. Kirk, and J. C. lVIullins, "Calculation of the Vapor Pressure and Heats of Vaporization and Sublimation of Liquids and Solids Especially Below One Atmosphere Pressure. " Contract No. CST-7238 NBS, Boulder, Colorado (lune 2,1962). 20. D. B. Mann, NBS Tech. Note 154 (lanuary, 1962). 21. J. M. Prausnitz, private communication (November, 1966). 22. R. D. McCarty and R. B. , New York (1965), p. 84. 23. J. M. Prausnitz, private communication, (September, 1967). 24. J. M. Prausnitz, private communication, (lanuary, 1968).

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