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By H.W. Magoun, L. Marshall

A background of the way neural, behavioural and communicative subdisciplines coalesced in neuroscience to create a promising method of realizing the relation of brain to mind. It chronicles the growth of sought after centres of analysis and the advance of leading edge equipment and ideas.

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Extra resources for American Neuroscience in 20th Century

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In the 19th and early 20th century, the differentiation between neurology and psychiatry was by no means pronounced and combined specialization in neuropsychiatry was commonplace. In the 1870s, therefore, it was not unusual for Mitchell to extend his earlier preoccupation with neurology to the development of a therapeutic regimen for overcoming neurasthenic states, especially in women. This culminated in his widely publicized “Rest Cure,” in which the first step was to provide “the firm kindness of a well-trained hired nurse” (Earnest, 1950, p.

Pp. 287–288). Forty percent of the brains were human, from embryo to adult. As had Jeffries Wyman earlier, Wilder and many of his contemporaries believed that only by Prodromal Nineteenth-Century Developments 17 studies of brains of people of known character could a “true” correlation between intellect and brain structure be discovered, and he was thus able to acquire the brains of a considerable number of distinguished individuals, such as the Cornell psychologist, Edward B. Titchener, economist Jeremiah W.

Shifting his research to study of the spirochete of syphilis, in 1913 Noguchi identified this organism in the diseased brains of general Prodromal Nineteenth-Century Developments 25 paretics. This was the first substantial evidence of a neural substrate for a psychotic syndrome and was widely recognized as the most outstanding research accomplishment in the initial century of American psychiatry (Whitehorn, 1944). Whatever factors prevented Weir Mitchell’s appointment to the chair of physiology either at Jefferson or the University of Philadelphia, his national stature in this field was of the highest.

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