By Graciliano Ramos
About the author:
Graciliano Ramos used to be extensively certainly one of an important Brazilian authors of the twentieth century. He used to be a seminal voice within the literary "regionalism" movement.
As a baby Ramos lived in lots of towns of Northeastern Brazil, plagued by poverty and critical climatic conditions (droughts). After high-school, Graciliano went to Rio de Janeiro the place he labored as a journalist. In 1915 he traveled to Palmeira dos Indios, country of Alagoas, to stay along with his father and in 1927 he used to be elected mayor.
In 1933 he released his first e-book, Caetés. many years later he was once jailed by means of the Getúlio Vargas executive, on a cost that was once by no means made transparent. His reports in penitentiary might turn into a different own deposition, Memórias do Cárcere.
Graciliano died in 1953, on the age of 60. His "dry" kind of writing and the clash among the identification and the area are the numerous marks of his works.
About the ebook (in Portuguese):
Marco do romance moderno brasileiro, "Angústia" é a expressão máxima do embate, entre a subjetividade do escritor e a realidade objetiva é sempre opressora, que se revela na figura de um pequeno funcionário e sua consciência de condenado à mediocridade.
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Additional info for Angústia
In PȲre Goriot, the diabolic Vautrin proposes that Rastignac marry Victorine to make his fortune: Vautrin will have Victorine舗s brother killed so that she will inherit millions舒the equivalent of killing the mandarin. In Crime and Punishment, Dostoevsky recasts the social and monetary 舠salvation舡 that is to be attained through murder: Raskolnikov舗s salvation is brought about not by killing his mandarin, the pawnbroker, as he seems to think it could be, but through his compassion and acceptance of suffering.
1843 Dostoevsky graduates from the Academy as a lieutenant, but instead of pursuing a career in the army, resolves to dedicate his life to writing. 1844 His first published work appears, a Russian translation of Honorȳ de Balzac舗s 1833 novel Eugȳnie Grandet. Dostoevsky be gins work on his first novel, Poor Folk. 1845 On the basis of Poor Folk, Dostoevsky wins the friendship and acclaim of Russia舗s premier literary critic, Vissarion Grig orievich Belinsky, author of the scathingly critical 舠Letter to Gogol舡 (1847).
One of Raskolnikov舗s initial reasons for his crime is (murkily) associated with the 舠good舡 of redistributing the pawnbroker舗s wealth to the poor. This dramatic pairing舒money, arithmetic, and calculation with their opposite: intuitive, Christian compassion舒runs through the novel, and is present in each of its parts. The motifs of Crime and Punishment舒blood, yellow, water, horses, bells, thresholds, wallpaper, thirty roubles or kopeks, staircases舒contain opposites that suggest the deepest level of meaning in the book.