By Stephanie Cronin
In contemporary years sour controversies have erupted throughout Europe and the center East approximately women’s veiling, and particularly their donning of the face-veil or niqab. but the deeper matters contained inside those controversies – secularism as opposed to spiritual trust, person freedom as opposed to social or relations coercion, id as opposed to integration – will not be new yet are strikingly prefigured through previous conflicts. This booklet examines the state-sponsored anti-veiling campaigns which swept throughout huge swathes of the Muslim international within the interwar interval, specially in Turkey and the Balkans, Iran, Afghanistan and the Soviet republics of the Caucasus and important Asia. It indicates how veiling used to be formally discouraged and ridiculed as backward and, even though it was once not often banned, veiling was once politicized and became a rallying-point for a much broader competition. Asking a couple of questions on this previous anti-veiling discourse and the guidelines flowing from it, and the reactions which it provoked, the publication illuminates and contextualizes modern debates approximately gender, Islam and modernism.
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Additional info for Anti-Veiling Campaigns in the Muslim World: Gender, Modernism and the Politics of Dress
What meaning does the concept of women’s agency have in the context of the still prevailing patriarchal social structures and the authoritarian modernization characterizing the anti-veiling regimes? What strategies did women employ to manage the new expectations placed on them? What types of opposition did unveiling provoke? What was the reaction of men? How can the shocking levels of violence accompanying unveiling in Central Asia be explained? Was the conceptualization of veiling as a social evil unique or can it be better understood by placing it within a more generalized modernist preoccupation with eradicating local practices relating to women’s bodies such as Chinese foot binding or female circumcision in Africa?
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data Anti-veiling campaigns in the Muslim world : gender, modernism and the politics of dress/ [edited by] Stephanie Cronin. pages cm – (Durham modern Middle East and Islamic world series) Includes bibliographical references and index. 1. Hijab (Islamic clothing) 2. Veils-Religious aspects-Islam. 3. Hijab (Islamic clothing)-Government policy.
In her spare time, she enjoys playing the piano, listening to music, and taking long walks. Kathryn Libal, PhD, is Associate Professor of Social Work and Associate Director of the Human Rights Institute at the University of Connecticut. She earned her doctorate in anthropology at the University of Washington. She specializes in human rights, social welfare, and the state and has published journal and book articles on women’s and children’s rights movements in Turkey; advocacy efforts of international non-governmental organizations on behalf of Iraqi refugees; and social work in the Middle East.